Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

Northwest Education Services written public summary of the district's FOIA procedures and guidelines



The Michigan Freedom of Information Act (FOIA), MCL 15.231-15.246, provides for public access to certain public records, permits the charging of prescribed fees and deposits, and provides remedies and penalties for non-compliance. A person has a right to inspect, copy, or receive copies of certain requested public records. Some public records are permitted or required not to be disclosed. The ISD is a public body that must comply with the FOIA. The ISD has established the following Procedures and Guidelines to implement the FOIA effective July 1, 2015.

How to Submit Written Requests

A written request to inspect, copy, or review a public record should be submitted to the ISD’s FOIA Coordinator. •

  • FOIA requests can be sent via U.S. Mail to:

Ryan Jarvi, FOIA Coordinator
1101 Red Drive, Traverse City, MI 49684

  • FOIA requests sent via email should be sent to:
  • FOIA requests sent via fax should be faxed to: 231-922-6270.

A request must describe the public record in sufficient detail to enable the ISD to find the requested record.  A person may subscribe to future issuances of public records created, issued, or disseminated by the ISD on a regular basis, such as notices of school board meetings. A subscription is valid for up to 6 months and may be renewed by the subscriber.

In lieu of paper copies, the requestor may stipulate that the ISD provide non-exempt public records on non-paper physical media, electronically mailed, or otherwise electronically provided. The ISD is not required to produce non-exempt public records on non-paper physical media if the ISD lacks the technological capability necessary to provide the requested records on the particular non-paper physical media stipulated in the particular instance. The ISD is not required to use non-paper physical media provided by the requestor and, to safeguard the ISD’s information technology infrastructure, shall not do so. A person may request a certified copy of a public record.

How to Understand the District's Written Responses to FOIA Requests

The ISD will respond to a written request under the FOIA within 5 business days (excluding weekends and legal holidays) after the ISD receives the written request, unless otherwise agreed to in writing by the requestor. The FOIA defines the date of receipt by the ISD differently depending upon how the request was delivered to the ISD (e.g., hand-delivery, regular mail, e-mail, facsimile).

The ISD will respond to a request by doing one of the following: (a) granting the request; (b) issuing a written notice denying the request; (c) granting the request in part and issuing a written notice denying the request in part; or (d) issuing a notice extending for not more than 10 business days the period during which the ISD will respond to the request. The ISD shall not issue more than 1 notice of extension for a particular request.

If a requestor asks for information that is available on the ISD’s website, the ISD will notify the requestor in its response where the records may be found on its website. Paper copies of public records available on the ISD’s website will be made available upon request, but a fee may be charged as explained in Section II and on the detailed fee itemization form.

The ISD will provide reasonable facilities for a requestor to inspect non-exempt public records. The facilities will be available during the ISD’s normal business hours. The FOIA Coordinator will establish rules regulating the manner in which records may be inspected to protect the ISD’s records from loss, alteration, mutilation, or destruction, or to prevent undue interference with the ISD’s normal operations.

If a request is denied in whole or in part, the ISD will include in the written notice of denial an explanation of the basis for the denial and, if applicable, a certificate that the public record does not exist under the name given by the requestor or by another name reasonably known to the ISD. If a public record or information is separated and exempt from disclosure (redacted), the ISD will describe generally the material exempted unless that description would reveal the contents of the exempt information and thus defeat the purpose of the exemption.

Deposit Requirements

Where the ISD estimates that the fee authorized under the FOIA and these FOIA Procedures and Guidelines for responding to a request will exceed fifty dollars ($50.00), the ISD may require a good-faith deposit from the requestor before providing the requested records. A good-faith deposit shall not exceed one-half (½) of the total estimated fee and shall include a detailed itemization of estimated fee amounts.

The FOIA Coordinator will provide the requestor with a detailed itemization of the allowable fees estimated to be incurred by the ISD to process the request. The ISD will include with its request for good-faith deposit a best efforts estimate of the time frame within which the ISD will provide the requested public records. The timeframe estimate is not binding on the ISD but will be made in good faith and the ISD will strive to be reasonably accurate.

If a requestor previously requested public records from the ISD, and if the ISD made the requested public records available on a timely basis but was not paid in full the total estimated fee for that previous request, the ISD may, to the extent permitted by the FOIA, require a deposit of up to 100% of the estimated fee for the subsequent request(s).

Fee Calculations

The FOIA permits the ISD to charge six fee components: (a) labor costs of searching for, locating, and examining public records; (b) labor costs of separating or deleting (redacting) exempt information from non-exempt information; (c) labor costs to duplicate or publish requested public records; (d) actual costs of paper copies (not to exceed 10 cents per sheet for standard 8-1/2 by 11 or 8-1/2 by 14 sheets of paper); (e) actual costs of non-paper physical media (e.g., flash drive, CD) if requested and if the ISD has the technological capability to comply; and (f) actual costs of postal delivery.  

The FOIA Coordinator will require that payment be made in full for the allowable fees before the requested records are made available.

1. Fee Waivers. A search for a public record may be conducted or copies of public records may be furnished without charge or at a reduced charge if the ISD determines that a waiver or reduction of the fee is in the public interest because searching for or furnishing copies of the public records can be considered as primarily benefiting the general public.

2. Discounts. Under the following circumstances, a public record search shall be made by the ISD and a copy of a non-exempt public record shall be furnished without charge for the first $20.00 of the fee:

a. If an individual who is entitled to information under the FOIA:

  •  submits an affidavit stating that the individual is receiving specific public assistance or is unable to pay the fee because of indigence and stating that the individual is not making the request in conjunction with outside parties in exchange for payment or other remuneration; and
  •  that individual has not previously received discounted copies of public records from the ISD twice during the same calendar year.

b. If a nonprofit corporation formally designated by the State of Michigan to carry out activities under subtitle C of the Developmental Disabilities Assistance and Bill of Rights Act of 2000, Public Law 106-402, and the Protection and Advocacy for Individuals with Mental Illness Act, Public Law 99-319, or their successors, submits a request that meets all of the following requirements:

  •  Is made directly on behalf of the organization or its clients;
  •  Is made for a reason wholly consistent with the mission and provisions of those laws under section 931 of the Mental Health Code, 1974 PA 258, MCL 330.1931; and
  •  Is accompanied by documentation of its designation by the state, if requested by the ISD.

Avenues for Challenge and Appeal

1. Challenge to Record Denial. If the ISD fails to respond to a FOIA request or makes a final determination to deny all or a portion of a request, the requesting person may submit an appeal to the ISD’s Board of Education or may commence an action in the circuit court for the county in which the public record or one of ISD’s offices is located. See Section II.E of these FOIA Procedures and Guidelines for a more detailed explanation of the procedures and timelines for appealing a record denial.

2. Challenge to Fee. If the ISD requires a fee that requestor believes exceeds the amount permitted under the FOIA or the ISD’s publicly available procedures and guidelines, the requesting person may commence an action in the circuit court for the county in which the public record or one of ISD’s offices is located. See Section II.E of these FOIA Procedures and Guidelines for a more detailed explanation of the procedures and timelines for a fee appeal.

More Information

This is only a summary of the FOIA procedures and guidelines.  For more details and information, copies of the District's FOIA Procedures and Guidelines are available at no charge at the District's central office.  For the complete document click on the resources below.